Pertti Saariluoma

Professor of Cognitive Science

University of Jyväskylä


Education and work history


 University of Turku, M.A., psychology, 12.04.1978

University of Turku, Ph.D., psychology, 29.08.1984 (Topic: Human problem solving and expertise)


Studies and visits in foreign institutions


Oxford University, Academic year 1981-1982 (Alan Allport)

Carnegie-Mellon University, Academic year 1985-1986 (Herbert A. Simon)

Cambridge University, Autumn 1989 (Alan Baddeley)

Aberdeen University, Autumn 1993 (Robert Logie)

Oxford University, Spring 1996 (Alan Allport)

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, July- August 1999 (Wolfgang Lutz)

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, May-December 2000 (Wolfgang Lutz)

University of Granada, Department of Psychology, September-November 2008, April 2009, January 2011 (Jose Cañas)



Research topics

Professor Pertti Saariluoma worked firstly on the issues of expertise. After that he has introduced a number of independent scientific paradigms, which he has developed since with colleagues and students.   


I.  Micronnovation research                                                                                                                                    INFO

    I.1. Content-based design analysis

    I.2. Design errors

    I.3. Design thinking

II. Content-based psychology                                                                                                                                 Button Text

    II.1. Apperception and thought

    II.2 Economic thought errors

    II.3. Expertise

III. User psychology                                                                                                                                                     Button Text

    III.1.Theory of user psychology

    III.2 Emotional usability

IV.  Life-based design                                                                                                                                                 Button Text

V. Foundational research                                                                                                                                           Button Text




Projects                                                                                                                                      Button Text



Authored books


Saariluoma, P. (1984). Coding problem spaces in chess: A Psychological study. Societas Scientiarum Fennica. Commentationes Scientiarum Socialium 23/1984; 121 p. (Monograph, Ph. D.-thesis)

Saariluoma, P. (1984). Psykologian historia: Kreikkalainen kausi [History of psychology: Greek period]. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.

Saariluoma, P. (1990). Taitavan ajattelun psykologia [The psychology of skilled thinking]. Helsinki: Otava.

Saariluoma, P. (1995). Chess players' thinking. London: Routledge.

 Saariluoma, P. (1997). Foundational analysis: Presuppositions in experimental psychology. London:  Routledge.

Saariluoma, P. (2002). Ajattelu työelämässä [Thinking in work-life].
Porvoo: WSOY.

Saariluoma, P. (2004). Käyttäjäpsykologia [User Psychology]. Porvoo: WSOY.

Saariluoma, P.,  Kujala, T., Kuuva, S., Kymäläinen, T., Leikas, J., Liikkanen, L. & Oulasvirta, A. (2010). Ihminen ja teknologia - Hyvän vuorovaikutuksen suunnittelu. [People and technology - how to design a good interaction]. Helsinki: Teknologiateollisuus.


Edited books

Saariluoma, P. , Kamppinen, M. & Hautamäki, A. (2001). Moderni kognitiotiede [Modern cognitive science].  Helsinki: Gaudeamus.

Pirhonen, A., Isomäki, H., Roast, C. & Saariluoma, P. (Eds.). (2004). Future Interaction Design.  London: Springer.

Saariluoma, P. & Isomäki, H. (Eds.). (2008). Future interaction design II. London: Springer.


Research papers in refereed journals and conferences

Saariluoma, P. (1985). Chess players' intake of task relevant cues. Memory and Cognition, 13, 385-391.


Saariluoma, P. (1988). Code-overload in visual short term memory. In Imagery and cognition: Pre-proceedings of the second workshop on imagery and cognition. (pp. 185-194). University of Padova.

Saariluoma, P. & Sajaniemi, P. (1989). Visual information chunking in spreadsheet calculation. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 1989, 30, 475-488.

Saariluoma; P. (1989). Chess players' recall of auditorily presented chess positions. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1, 309-320.


Saariluoma, P. (1990). Apperception and restructuring in chess players' problem solving. In: K. Gilhooly, M. Keane, R. Logie & G. Erdos (Eds.), Lines of thought: reflection in the psychology of thinking. vol II. London: Wiley. pp. 41-57.


Saariluoma, P. (1990). Chess players' search for task relevant cues: Are chunks relevant? In: D. Brogan: Visual search. ( pp. 115-121). London: Taylor and Francis.


Saariluoma, P. (1991). Aspects of skilled imagery and visual memory in blindfold chess. Acta Psychologica, 77, 65-89. 

Saariluoma, P. & Sajaniemi, J. (1991). Extracting implicit tree structures in spreadsheet calculation. Ergonomics, 34, 1027-1046.


Saariluoma, P. (1991). Visuo-spatial interference and apperception in chess. In: M. Denis & R. Logie, Mental images in human cognition. (pp. 83-94). Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1991.


Saariluoma, P. (1992) Error in chess: The apperception restructuring view. Psychological Research, 54, 17-26.


Saariluoma, P. (1992). Do visual images have Gestalt properties? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 45A, 399-420.


Saariluoma, P. (1993). Does partial enumeration improve total enumeration? In: D. Brogan, A. Gale and K. Carr, (Eds.), Visual search II. (pp. 91-99). Taylor & Francis: London.


Saariluoma, P. & Miettinen, M. (1994).  Problems of  adaptive action-oriented user interfaces. In: M. D. Brouwer-Janse and T. L. Harrington (Eds.): Human-machine communications for educational system design. (pp. 119-126). NATO-ASI Series, Series F: Computer and systems sciences, Vol 129. Springer: Berlin.


Saariluoma, P. & Hohlfeld. M. (1994). Apperception in chess players' long-range planning, European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 6, 1-22.


Saariluoma, P. (1994). Location coding in chess. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47A, 607-630.


Saariluoma, P. & Sajaniemi, J (1994). Transforming verbal descriptions into mathematical formulas in spreadsheet calcula­tion. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 9, 915-948.


Saariluoma, P. & Kujala, S. (1996). Semantic distance and single cue-use in categorial search. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 317-328.


Saariluoma, P. & Kalakoski, V. (1997). Skilled imagery and long-term working memory. American Journal of Psychology, 110, 177-201.


 Saariluoma, P. & Kalakoski, V. (1998). Apperception and imagery in blindfold Chess. Memory, 6, 67-90.


Saariluoma, P. (1998). Adversary problem solving and working memory. In: R. Logie & K. Gilhooly (Eds.), Working memory and thinking. (pp. 115-138). Hove: Erlbaum.


Saariluoma, P. (1998). Le imagamgini mentali nel pensiero dei giocatori esperti di scacci, in L.M. Lorenzetti & A. Antonioetti (eds.). Figura, emozione, cognoizione. Milano: Franco Angeli. pp. 64-79.


Saariluoma, P. (2000). Neuroscientific psychology and mental contents. Lifelong Learning in Europe, 4, 34-39.


Saariluoma, P. & Laine, T. (2001). Novice construction of chess memory. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 137-146.


Saariluoma, P. & Laine, T. (2001). What do computer models explain? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 147-148.


Saariluoma, P. ( 2001). Chess and content-oriented psychology of thinking. Psihologica, 22, 143-164.


Kalakoski, V. & Saariluoma, P. (2001). Taxi drivers’ exceptional memory of street names. Memory & Cognition, 29, 634-638.


Saariluoma, P. and Maarttola, I. (2001). Spatial mental content and visual design. In J. S. Gero, B. Tversky and T. Purcell (Eds.), Visual and Spatial Reasoning in Design II. (pp. 253-268). Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, University of Sydney, Australia.


Lindeman, M., Pyysiäinen, I. & Saariluoma, P. (2002). Representing God. Papers on social representations, 1.1-1.13.

 Maarttola, I. & Saariluoma, P. (2002). Error risks and contradictory decision desires in urban planning. Design Studies, 23, 455-472.

 Saariluoma, P. (2002) Does classification express the contents of concepts? In: I. Pyysiäinen & V. Anttonen (Eds.), Current approaches to cognitive study of religion. London: Continuum Press .

Saariluoma, P. & Maarttola, I. (2003). Errors and functional reasons in architectural design. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 20, 344-354.

Niemelä, M. & Saariluoma, P. (2003). Icon layout attributes. Behaviour & Information Technology, 22, 353-363.

Kaario, K., Mäkelä, M., Saariluoma, P. & Miettinen, K. (2003). Effects of Users' Domain Expertise in Designing Special Purpose Software. Reports of the Department of Mathematical Information Technology. Series B. Scientific Computing. Reports of the Department of Mathematical Information Technology. Series B. Scientific Computing (B 9/2003).

Hyvönen, P., Lahti, J., Marjomaa, E., Purma, J., Saariluoma, P. & Sajaniemi, J. (2003). Quality Assurance in Connet. The International Conference on Network Universities and E-learning: Model for a European Networked University and e-Learning, Valencia (Spain), 8-9 May, 2003. Editorial de la Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Spain, CD-ROM ISBN 84-9705-369-9, Session 2A. Available also at

Saariluoma, P. (2003). Apperception, content-based psychology and design.  In: U. Lindeman (Ed.). Human behaviour in design. (pp. 72-78). Berlin: Springer.

Oulasvirta, A. & Saariluoma, P. (2004). Interrupts in interacting with computers. Behaviour & Information Technology, 23, 55-64.

Saariluoma, P., Karlsson, H., Lyytinen, H., Teräs, M. & Geisler, F. (2004). Mental images of chess players in blindfold chess. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 16, 735-764.

Saariluoma, P. (2004). Explanatory frameworks in interaction design. Future interaction design. (pp. 67-83). London: Springer.

Saariluoma, P., Nevala, K. & Karvinen, M. (2005). Content-based Design Analysis. In J. Gero & N. Bonnardel (Eds.), Studying designers ’05 Sydney: (pp. 213-228.). University of Sydney.

 Saariluoma, P. (2005). Intentional disinformation and freedom of expression. Pan-European Forum on Human Rights in the Information Society: Responsible Behaviour by Key Actors,. Strassbourgh: Council of Eur0pe/ human rights. ForumStbgSept2005PostComments

Saariluoma, P. & Maarttola, I. (2005). Conceptual inferences and practical design. In S. Hosnedl (Eds.), AEDS workshop, Proceedings. Pilsen: University of Pilsen.

Helfenstein, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2006). Mental contents in transfer. Psychological research, 70, 293-303.

Oulasvirta, P. & Saariluoma, P. (2006). Surviving task interruptions: Investigating the implications of long-term working memory theory. International journal of human-computer interaction, 64, 941-961.

Saariluoma, P., Nevala, K. & Karvinen, M. (2006). Modes in design engineering. In: J. Gero (ed.). Cognition, computation and design. Springer: Berlin.

Nevala, K., Saariluoma, P. & Karvinen, M. (2006).  Design engineering process from a content-based point of view. In: D. Marjanovic (ed.), Proceedings of  Design 2006. Design society: Zagreb.

Saariluoma, P., Nevala, K. & Karvinen, M. (2006). Transformations of mental contents in a design process.13th international product development management conference (pp. 995-1007). Milano: EIASM.

Saariluoma, P., Hovi, J. & Suvinen, R. (2006). Why do engineers err, when they design. AEDS 2006 proceedings. (pp. 97-104). Pilsen: University or Western Boehemia.

Lugano, G., Kyppö, J. & Saariluoma, P. (2006). Designing People’s Interconnections in Mobile Social Networks. InScit2006. Merida (Spain).

Parkkola, H. & Saariluoma, P. (2006). Would ten participants be enough for designing of new services. In A. Ruth (Eds.), Quality and Impact of Qualitative Research. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Qualitative Research in IT & IT in Qualitative Research. Brisbane: Institute for Integrated and Intelligent Systems, Griffith University. 86-93.

Saariluoma, P. (2006). Looking at the nature of idea through new lenses. Human Technology, 2 (1). http//

Saariluoma, P. (2006). The importance of free flow of information and knowledge. Human Technology, 2. http//

Kampylis, P., Berki, E. & Saariluoma, P. (2006). can we see the sound? New and creative solutions in music and physics education through hands-on and ict-based activities. Proceedings of EDE conférence.

Heiskanen, T., Heiskanen, T. & Saariluoma, P. (2006). Augmentative and Assisting Personal Agent from a User Psychological Point of View. Proceedings of the International Design for All Conference, September 13-15, 2006, Rovaniemi, Finland. 91036DEC130B/0/Heiskanen_AugmentativeAndAssisting.pdf

Saariluoma, P., Pärttö, M., Hovi, J. & Suvinen, H. (2007). Thought risks in design. 14th product development management conference .  (pp. 1249-1258). Brussels, Belgium: European institute for advanced studies in management, EIASM.

Saariluoma, P. & Kujala, T. (2007). Content-Based Design Analysis - an Example from Solving Interaction Problems in Cars. In V. Vanek & S. Hosnedl (Eds.), AEDS 2007 Workshop Proceedings. (pp. 65-72). Pilzen: Unveristy of Western Bohemia.

Saariluoma, P., Pärttö, M., Hovi, J. & Nevala, K. (2007). Thought errors in design activities. 22nd Workshop on Strategic Human Resource Management. Brussels, Belgium: European institute for advanced studies in management, EIASM.

Helfenstein, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2007). Apperception in primed problem solving. Cognitive Processing, 8, 211-232.

Juutinen, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2007). Usability and emotional obstacles in e-learning. In (eds.), Managing world wide operations and communications New York: IGI Publishing.

Kämäräinen, A. & Saariluoma, P. (2007). Under-use of mobile services: How advertising space is used.Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Internationalization of Products and Systems 19-29.

Lugano, G. & Saariluoma, P. (2007). To Share or not to share: supporting the user decision in Mobile Social Software applications. Proceedings of the International User Modelling conference (UM 2007) Korfu: Springer. 440-444.

Saariluoma, P., Kaario, K., Miettinen, K. & Mäkelä, M. (2008). Mental Contents in Interacting with a Multiobjective Optimization Program. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, 4, 43-67.

Leikas, J. & Saariluoma. P. (2008) 'Worth' and mental contents in designing for ageing citizens' form of life. Gerontechnology, 7, 305-318.

Suvinen, H. & Saariluoma, P. (2008). User Psychological Problems in a Wiki-Based Knowledge Sharing Portal. In P. Kellenberger (Eds.), IEEE Computer Society. (pp. 552-557.) IARIA (ICIW2008).

Liu, S., Helfenstein, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2008a). Risks in Agent-Supported Stock Market Trading Decision Making. In A. Reis (Eds.), Proceedings of the IADIS Intelligent Systems and Agents 2008 (ISA 2008) Conference. Amsterdam (NL), 22.-24.7.2008. (pp. 109-116). Portugal: IADIS.

Helfenstein, S., Saariluoma, P. & Veijalainen, J. (2008). Information Equivalence: A Theoretical and Practical Issue of Multi-Modal Interaction. In K. Blashki (Eds.), Proceedings of the IADIS Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction 2008 (IHCI 2008) Conference. Amsterdam (NL), 25.-27.7.2008. (pp. 229-233). Portugal: IADIS.

Liu, S., Helfenstein, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2008b). Decision Making with Intelligent Agents: A Practical Aspect of Future Product Development Management. Proceedings of the EISAM 15th International Product Development Management Conference. Hamburg (GER), 29.6.-1.7.2008.

Leikas, J. and Saariluoma, P. (2008). The contents of ‘worth’ in ageing citizens’ wishes for technology and design. Gerontechnology, 7, 149. Fullpaper on CD-ROM edition of the Proceedings of the 6th Conference of the International Society for Gerontechnology, ISG08.

Leikas, J. & Saariluoma, P. (2008). Older People's Representations of ICT-Services: Female Cautiousness Effect. Proceedings of Workshop on Cognition and the Web: Information Processing, Comprehension and Learning, 24-26 April 2008, Granada, Spain. Granada: University of Granada.

Karvonen, H., Kujala, T. & Saariluoma, P. (2008). Ubiquitous Co-Driver System and Its Effects on the Situation Awareness of the Driver. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium. (pp. 337-342).

 Saariluoma, P. & Isomäki, H. (2009). Introduction: The New Interaction Design. In P. Saariluoma & H. Isomäki (Eds.), Future Interaction Design II. Springer-Verlag. IX-XV.

 Helfenstein, S., Saariluoma, P. & Maksimainen, J. (2009). People Net: Mobile Services for Impoverished Citizens.Proceedings of the 8th Global Mobility Roundtable Conference in Kairo. Kairo, Egypt.

 Kämäräinen, A. & Saariluoma, P. (2009). Interaction with Information Graphics: A Content-Based Approach. In S. Dascal & I. Poupyrev (Eds.), Proceeding of The Second International Conferences on Advances in Computer-Human Interaction. (pp. 103-110). California: IEEE Computer Society.

 Maksimainen, J., Saariluoma, P. & Jokivuori, P. (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility and Values in Innovation Management. Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology.

Saariluoma, P., Helfenstein, S. & Maksimainen, J. (2009). People Net against poverty. Asia Journal of Global Studies, 3, 51-59.

Saariluoma, P., Kannisto, E. & Kujala, T. (2009). Analysing Micro-Innovation Processes: Universities and Enterprises Collaboration.the 11th IBIMA Conference on Innovation and Knowledge Management in Twin Track Economies and for inclusion in the conference proceedings the 11th IBIMA Conference on Innovation and Knowledge Management in Twin Track Economies and for inclusion in the conference proceedings (11). USA.

Saariluoma, P., Lamminen, J. & Leppänen, M. (2009). Ontologies for human-technology interaction design.16th International Product Development Management Conference "Managing Dualities in the Innovation Journey".  (pp. 184-185). Netherlands: European institute for advanced studies in management, EIASM.

Saariluoma, P., Maksimainen, J. & Helfenstein, S. (2009). Introduction to the Concept of People-Net - A Learning Tool and Service Net for Undereducated People. Paper presented at the E-learning Asia 2009 Conference in Seoul.

Saariluoma, P., Maksimainen, J. & Helfenstein, S. (2009). Introduction to the Concept of People Net -- a Learning Tool and Service Net for Poor and Undereducated People. Asia-Pacific Collaborative education Journal, 5, 63-80.

Saariluoma, P., Parkkola, H., Honkaranta, A., Leppänen, M. & Lamminen, J. (2009). User Psychology in Interaction Design: The Role of Design Ontologies. In P. Saariluoma & H. Isomäki (Eds.), Future Interaction Design II.  (pp. 69-86). London: Springer-Verlag.

Kämäräinen, A. & Saariluoma, P. (2009a). Reasons for Under-Use in Professional Software. In L. Norros, H. Koskinen, L. Salo & P. Savioja (Eds.), Designing beyond the Product -Understanding Activity and User Experience in Ubiquitous Environments. (pp. 393-396). VTT Symposium (258). VTT.

Kämäräinen, A. & Saariluoma, P. (2009b). Interaction with Information Graphics: A Content-Based Approach. In S. Dascal & I. Poupyrev (Eds.), Proceeding of The Second International Conferences on Advances in Computer-Human Interaction. (pp. 103-110). California: IEEE Computer Society.

Silvennoinen, M., Mecklin, J., Saariluoma, P. & Antikainen, T. (2009). Expertise and Skill in Minimally Invasive Surgery. Scandinavian Journal of Surgery 98, 209-213.

Suvinen, H. & Saariluoma, P. (2009). Working globally via Wikis while innovating and acting together: Case Wiki-Based Knowledge Sharing Portal. International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems, 2009 (1).

Parkkola, H., Saariluoma, P. & Berki, E. (2009). Action-oriented classification of families' information and communication actions: exploring mothers' viewpoints. Behaviour & information technology, 28, 525-536.

Lehtinen, V., Hänninen, R., Toivonen, V., Oulasvirta, A., Kuuva, S., & Saariluoma, P. (2009). Developing a rapid questionnaire-based metric for experience of form. Proceedings of the European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics 2009 (pp. 73-76). VTT Symposium series 258, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

Saariluoma, P., Maksimainen, J. & Helfenstein, S. (2009). Introduction to the Concept of People Net - a Learning Tool and Service Net for Poor and Undereducated People. Asia-Pacific Collaborative education Journal,  63-80.

Saariluoma, P., Kuuva, S., Laitinen, T., Parkkisenniemi, J., & Rimppi, A., (2009). Ontology of Emotional Interaction. In: Graham Grant (ed.), Proceedings of the Eight European Academy of Design International Conference, The Robert Gordon University, Scotland, 1-3- April 2009. (pp. 393-398). Aberdeen, Scotland: Gray's School of Art, The Robert Gordon University.

 Saariluoma, P. & Leikas, J. (2010). Life-Based Design – an approach to design for life. Global Journal of Management and Business Research, 10, 27-34.

 Karvonen, H., Saariluoma, P. & Kujala, T. (2010). Preliminary Framework for Differentiating the Paradigms of Human-Technology Interaction Research. (pp. 7-12).  Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interaction (ACHI 2010).

Juutinen, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2010). Emotional obstacles for e-learning – a user psychological analysis. European Journal for Open, Distance and E-learning, I/2010.

Leppänen, M., Lamminen, J. & Saariluoma, P. (2010). A framework for intention-driven requirements engineering of innovative software products. 19th International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD 2010).

 Maksimainen, J., Jokivuori, P. & Saariluoma, P. (2010). Trust and CSR in Information System Design. In J. Heikkilä, M. Hannula, N. Helander, I. Ilvonen & M. Seppä (Eds.), Proceedings of EBRF 2009.

Saariluoma, P., & Oulasvirta, A. (2010). User psychology: Re-assessing the boundaries of a discipline. Psychology.

 Maksimainen, J. & Saariluoma, P. (in press). How Human Resource Management and Human Capital Management Influence Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management.


Refereed papers in Finnish journals


Saariluoma, P. (1985). Kognitiivisten huipputaitojen oppiminen. [Learning cognitive expertise]. Kasvatus, 16, 201-206.


Saariluoma, P. (1984). Ekologinen validiteetti - normi vai ideaali? [Ecological validity - norm or ideal?]. Psykologia, 19, 83-88.


Saariluoma, P. (1987). Kognitiivinen mallintaminen - teoreettisia ongelmia ja käytännöllisiä edistysaskeleita. [Cognitive modelling - theoretical problems and practical advances]. Psykologia, 22, 188-196.


Saariluoma, P. (1988). Ohjelmoinnin psykologia ongelmanratkaisun psykologian osa-alueena. [Psychology of programming in psychology of human problem solving]. Psykologia, 23, 262-272.


Saariluoma, P. (1995). Apperseptio ja kognitio. [Apperception and cognition]. Psykologia, 1995, 30, 84-88.


Saariluoma, P. & Kalakoski, V. (1995). Mielikuvat eksperttien ajattelussa. [Images in experts' thinking]. Psykologia, 1995, 30, 202-204.


Saariluoma, P. (1997). Kognitiotiede ei ole neurotiedettä. [Cognitive science is not neuroscience]. Psykologia, 2, 207-210.


Saariluoma, P. (1997). Kognitiotieteen identiteetti [The identity of cognitive science].  Psykologia, 1997, 32, 40-43.


Saariluoma, P. (2001). Konstruktivismi ja kognitiivinen psykologia [Constructivism and cognitive psychology]. Psykologia, 1-2,  29-35.


Saariluoma, P. (2005). Mitä on käyttäjäpsykologia? [What is user psychology?] Psykologia, 2/05,  81-86.



Papers in Finnish books


Saariluoma, P. (1988). Historiallinen johdatus kognitiotieteeseen. [Historical introduction to cognitive science]. In A. Hautamäki (ed.), Kognitiotiede [Cognitive science] (pp. 15-42).. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.


Saariluoma, P. (1988). Ajattelu kognitiivisena prosessina. [Thinking as a cognitive process]. In A. Hautamäki (ed.), Kognitiotiede. [Cognitive science]. (pp. .43- 70).  Helsinki: Gaudeamus.


Saariluoma, P. (1988). Ihmisen muisti. [Human memory]. In A. Hautamäki (ed.), Kognitiotiede. [Cognitive science]. (pp. 71-99). Helsinki: Gaudeamus


Saariluoma, P. (1996). Apperseption ulottuvuuksia: Psykofyysinen ongelma. [Dimensions of apperception: Mind-Body problem]. In: Ilkka Niiniluoto ja Heikki Koskinen (Eds.), Kognitiivisesta naturalismista naturalistiseen kognitioon. Helsingin yliopiston filosofian laitoksen julkaisuja. 1/ 1996.


Saariluoma, P. (1997). Eksperttiys ja kognitiiviset prosessit. [Expertise and cognitive processes]. In: J. Kirjonen, P. Remes & A. Eteläpelto (Ed.), Muuttuva asiantuntijuus [Changing Expertise]. (pp. 225-232).  Koulutuksen tutkimuslaitos: Jyväskylä 1997


Saariluoma, P. (1998). Ajatteluvirheiden riskienhallinta [Risk management of thought errors]. In:H. Kuusela & R. Ollikainen (Eds.), Riskit ja riskien hallinta [Risks and Risk management]. (pp.116-133). Tampere: Tampere University Press.


Saariluoma, P. (1999). Mihin aivot riittävät: pärjääkö ihminen koneelle? [The limits of brains: Can man beat a machine?] J. Rydman (Ed.), Matkalla tulevaisuuteen. (pp. 199-207).  Helsinki: Tieteellisten seurojen valtuuskunta.


Saariluoma, P. (1999). Human chess players’ problem solving. In: T. Honkela (Ed.), Games, computers and people. (pp.91-99). Helsinki: The Finnish Association of Artificial Intelligence


Hyötyniemi & Saariluoma, P. (1999). Chess beyond rules. In: T. Honkela (Ed.), Games, computers and people. (pp.100-112). Helsinki: Finnish Association of Artificial Intelligence.


Saariluoma, P. (2000). Kognitiotieteellinen semantiikka.[Cognitive scientific semantics]. In: A. Airola, H. Koskinen,  V. Mustonen (Ed.), Merkillinen merkitys. [Mysterious meaning]. Helsinki: Gaudeamus 2000.


Saariluoma, P. & Salo, P. (2001). Symbolinen paradigma. [Symbolic paradigm]. In P. Saariluoma, M. Kamppinen & J. Hautamäki: Moderni Kognitiotiede. Gaudeamus: Helsinki.


Laarni, J., Kalakoski, V. & Saariluoma, P. (2001). Kognitiivinen psykologia. [Cognitive psychology] In P. Saariluoma, M. Kamppinen & J. Hautamäki: Moderni Kognitiotiede. Gaudeamus: Helsinki.


Saariluoma,  P. (2001). Nykyaikainen kognitiotiede. [Modern cognitive sciece].  In P. Saariluoma, M. Kamppinen & J. Hautamäki: Moderni Kognitiotiede. Gaudeamus: Helsinki.


Saariluoma, P. (2004). Käyttäjäpsykologia ja pelien tuottaminen. Digitaalisten pelien maailmoja. Jyväskylä: Jyväskylän yliopisto/Agora center. 77-88.


Saariluoma, P. (2005). Käyttäjäpsykologia ja ongelmapohjainen etäopetus. Verkkopedagogiikan erityiskysymyksiä. Joensuu: Joensuun yliopistopaino. 1-17.




Saariluoma, P. (1985). Essays on the foundations of cognitive psychology. University of Joensuu, publications in social sciences n:o 24. Joensuu 1985. 129 p.


Saariluoma, P. (1992). Problem solving. International Journal of Psychology 1992, 3/4, 149.


Saariluoma, P. (1992). Some apperception phenomena in human thinking. International Journal of Psychology 1992, 3/4, 150.


Saariluoma, P., Maarttola, I. & Niemi, P. (1998). Ajatteluriskit ja kognitiiviset prosessit taloudellisessa edinnassa [Thought risks and cognitive processes in economic activity]  Teknologiankatsaus 65/98: Tekes: Helsinki (43 p.).


Oulasvirta, A., Tiitta, S. & Saariluoma, P. (2000). User groups in information technology, HIIT.


Hämäläinen , M., Maaranen, P., Heikkilä, J., Saariluoma, P., Pärttö, M., Huppe, H. & Kannisto, E. (2007). Opas Innovaation Hyödyntämiseen. Jyväskylä: Jyväskylän yliopisto, Agora Center.


Reports and working papers


Saariluoma, P. (1980). Chess players' strategies for the direction of the mind. Joensuun korkeakoulu, kasvatustieteiden osaston selosteita ja tiedotteita. n:o 23; Joensuu 20 p.


Saariluoma, P. (1980). Ongelmanratkaisun opetettavuus informaation prosessoinnin psykologian näkökulmasta. [Teachability of human problem solving]. Joensuun korkeakoulu, kasvatustieteiden osaston selosteita ja tiedotteita (Research reports from the university of Joensuu) n:o 25; 16 s. Joensuu 1980.


Saariluoma, P. (1983). Self-consistency in human problem solving, A theoretical note. Psychological research reports 57. University of Turku, 1983; 10p.


Saariluoma, P. (1984). Kolme ajattelun psykologian traditiota.[Three traditions of the psychology of thinking]. Opit ja ongelmat. Joensuun yliopiston psykologian laitoksen tutkimuksia n:o 1. (Eds. H. Räty, T. Tormulainen ja R. Walhström). Joensuu pp. 57-65.


Saariluoma, P. (1984). Turingin testi ja kognitiivisten mallien psykologinen status.[Turing's test and the psychological status of cognitive models]. In STEP-1984 Symposium Papers. Tietojenkäsittelytieteen seura. (eds. E. Hyvönen, J. Seppänen, ja M. Syrjänen). Espoo 1984.


W. Lutz,  P. Saariluoma, W.C. Sanderson, and S. Scherbov.  (2000). New Developments in the Methodology of Expert- and Argument-Based Probabilistic  Population Forecasting. Interim Report IR-00-020. Laxenburg, Austria:  International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.


Maarttola, I. & Saariluoma, P. (2000). Cognitive Design Research., Lund: Lunds Universitet.



Business reports, text in popular press, TV-presentations and popular lectures.



Supervised doctoral students 

Maarttola, Isto (1998), Participant-Contingent Design Decisions: A Theory of Novice Decisions in Home Acquisition.  (HUT)

Vega, Narcisco (2002),  Factors Affecting Simulator-Training Effectiveness. (JU).

Niemelä, Marketta (2003),  Visual Search in Graphical Interfaces: a User Psychological Approach. (JU).

Taatila, Vesa (2004).  The Concept of Organizational Competence – a Foundational Analysis. (JU).

Nevala, Kalevi (2005). Content-Based Design Engineering Thinking. In Search for Approach.  (JU).

Helfenstein, Sacha (2005 ).  Transfer: Review Reconstruction and Resolution. (JU).

Kuuva, Sari (2006). Content-Based Approach to Experiencing Visual Art. (JU).

Oulasvirta, Antti (2006). Studies of Working Memory in Interrupted Human-Computer Interaction.  (HU).

Kalakoski, Virpi (2006).  Constructing Skilled Images. (HU).

Parkkola, Hanna (2006). Designing ICT for Mothers – User Psychological Approach.  (JU).

Leikas, Jaana (2009).  Life-Based Design - ‘Form of Life’ as a Foundation for ICT Design for Older Adults. (JU).

Santala, Olli-Pekka (2009).  Expert Use of the Rorschach Comprehensive System in Personality Assessment. (JU).

Kujala, Tuomo (2010). Capacity, Workload and Mental Contents – Exploring the Foundations of Driver Distraction.  (JU).

Lugano, Giuseppe (2010).  Digital Community Design: Exploring the Role of Mobile Social Software in the Process of Digital Convergence. (JU).

Kampylis, Panagioitis (2010). Fostering Creative Thinking - the Role of Primary Teachers.  (JU).

Liu, Shenghua (2010).  Interacting with Intelligent Agents. (JU).

Viukari, Leena (2010). Tieto- ja viestintätekniikkavälitteisen palvelun kehittämisen kolme diskurssia. (JU).

Hakkinen, Mark (2010). Why Alarms Fail: A cognitive explanatory model. (JU).



Various Tasks

The International Symposium on the Psychology of Skilled Chess, Helsinki, 1990

Guest editor, Psychological Research, Special Issue for Skilled Chess Psychology, 1992

Organizer, Problem solving symposium, International congress of psychology, Brussels, 1992

One of the six target persons in the young psychologists' program, Brussels International Congress of Psychology, 1992

Member, Advisory Board, Attention and Performance, 1997-2000

Committee Member, European Society for Cognitive Psychology ESCoP, 1998-2000

Invited guest speaker, Lline conference on Learning about Learning, Helsinki, 1998

Member, Program Committee, European Society for Cognitive Psychology ESCOP conference, Ghent 1998

Invited guest Speaker, ACM & Sigcse workshop on Visualization of Computer Programs, Haikko, 2000

Organizer, Practical aspects of thought symposium, International congress of psychology, Stockholm, 2000

Member, Program committee, Visual & Spatial reasoning in design Como Italy, 2001

Invited participant and speaker, IIASA & Singapore University Workshop on New approaches and methods of population forecasting, 2001

Invited speaker, Scandinavian Summer Academy joint meeting with the representatives of Baltic countries, Viljandi, 2001

Invited guest speaker, EPOS (Dutch doctoral school for the psychology of skills), Rotterdam, 2002

Invited participant, Resonating Minds Symposium of European Commission, London, 2002

Leader of the Jyväskylä University delegation visiting in Fujian Normal University, China, 2004

Organizer, User psychology symposium, international meeting of cognitive science, Moscow, 2008

Organizer, User psychology symposium, the World Congress of Psychology, Berlin, 2008

One of the three invited European members in American Psychological Association's People to People delegation to South Africa, 2010